What really needs bayga? Tradition on all occasions

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Bige take a different from such a race because the distance is strictly straight, but a participant can be anyone. Conditions in similar contest only two: the presence of the horse and the desire to measure speed. Often in the Kazakh steppe, and so it happened, when the prize was ready to fight at the same time more than a thousand horsemen. The presence of several prizes, and at times very impressive, it was also a condition, but for the organizers. The winner was determined just who was the first to reach the goal wins.

The goal or the finish line, as they say today, is indicated by a stone or a clay stand. But in ancient times this role was often performed stuck in the ground with a spear.

Bige take in the works of scientists

Ethnographer N. I. Grodekov (1843-1913) wrote:

“In the games we participate as invited and uninvited. Distance is 2, 4, 6 Tasha (Tash 1 – about 8 km), corresponding to the values of the set prizes and the quality of racehorses.

Nand the start ofotpravlyayutsya quiet, with 2-4 adauchi (escorts), which are provided with sticks to keep horses by the late start of the race. Reaching in advance the particular place, all participants are given time for a short rest, then signal an escort all at once start to ride back along the same path that arrived.

…Reaching a goal thrown before those who stand at the podium and handing out the prizes, their skullcaps, hats and all that at the moment they have on the head. After the arrival of all horses to the finish, these items are evidence of achieving the goal”.

About the prizes for winning races Grodekov writes the following:

“If the race was attended by 20 racers, prizes administered about 7; if there were 100 or 200, and the prizes were preparing 20 or 30”.

Help with prizes, as a rule, the relatives and friends of the organizers of the race. In the novel of Mukhtar Auezov “Abai’s Way” describes how this happens:

“Erbol reported the number of horses involved in competition, they turned out to be a hundred and fifty. Baiga was intended to ten winners, each consisted of nine parts: the first was headed by a camel, another a bushel of silver, yesterday’s offering Ulzhan”.

Bige take eyewitness-foreigner

In the 19th century, this Kazakh tradition described pole Adolf Yanushkevich:

“…It becomes a universal impatience; before an hour had passed on the mountain again flashed a squad of flying men and the avalanche fell into the valley. Dusty fog again covered the horses and riders, but close finish, have them see… Who was the first to reach the peaks?

All eyes turned to him, thoughts are only one – victory! Finally, mark stops foaming steed, and a General scream awards the palm to the lucky winner of a horse – Sultan Kosaku, which immediately gets the first prize. Sultan Bulen, Biya tan and Kunanbay, the horses of which the first reached the finish line, needs to be comforted prizes of equal or greater value”.

Tradition Bige take in the Kazakh poetry

People’s memory has preserved the names of the horses of the heroes of the national epics, the great khans wise, valiant warriors and poets.

The most famous horse in Kazakh history has been and remains Kulager akin akan Seri Karasawa. About the famous horse, the poet wrote the poem unsurpassed. In 1937, he was arrested for political articles and shot on February 26, 1938. Psmartno rehabilitated in 1958.

The manuscript of the poem “Kulager” was lost when he was arrested, and the newspaper “Sotsialistik Kazakhstan”, where it was printed, removed from libraries. But after the rehabilitation of the great poet this collection brought the family of the writer Sapargali Begalin, 20 years keep it sewn into a pillow. The poem was included in the preparing to publish the first one-volume edition of the poet.


Here is an excerpt from the poem “Kulager” with a description of the competition, held at the feast is famous all over the Kazakh steppe of Baia Saguna. It was attended by 1 300 riders:

Interesting no Bigi! Fun rattles
On pastures that noisy: hear the thunder of hooves.
Raced horses. About me said:
“From a kid will sense to grow the horseman!”

Hearing that you did your best, though I was small.
I’m a wild stallion on its hind legs heaving.
I often changed horses. I was flying in the desert,
I feet not horses – birds of the steppe and squeezing!

…Thousand three hundred horses on four sides.
The neighing of furious horses, the air shocked.
Waiting: the Manager sign must give – “Let them!”
Waiting for: another minute – hand and throws it!

Waiting for now you hear the cry: “Oh, come on! Forward!”
I looked not once, frozen and Agape.
Interesting beige no nothing,
For good reason the baiga loves our people!

Horses race together, back roll the thunder of hooves,
As soon rushes of horses, in the eyes dazzled!
Thousand three hundred horses, dust is a pillar.
The herd neighs, snores, a herd of furious blows!

…Shook Sary-ARKA. Race horses,
Above the ground flying body, neck bowed.
Heaven mixing with earth moving herd.
Clouds of dust rose Dali is not visible!

Thinned finally gray dust haze,
That as a cloud over the earth the black sailed.
Here are four horse pulled ahead.
Fierce rushes Kulager, in the foam at the bit!

(Translation Berik Dzhilkibaev)

Bige take tradition is not forgotten today. Withpitching often held nand large celebrations, and the winners get cars and other valuable prizes. And as in former times, in the race can participate everyone.

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