Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease — diagnosis, which today is more than 40% of Kazakhstan citizens.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) excess fat accumulation in the liver in people who do not abuse alcohol.
About the disease told us in detail Raluca Pais — doctor, who came to Kazakhstan in the framework of the 6th Central Asian gastroenterological week.
According to Pais, hepatic steatosis is represented by two diseases.
“The first stage of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the second stage non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (Nash). It is a severe form of fatty liver, which can lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer,” said Pais.
The reasons for the development of the disease
The main reasons for the development of the disease are unhealthy diet and low physical activity.
— The peculiarity of this disease lies in the fact that it is asymptomatic, says the doctor.
The patient has no complaints and most often learns about the disease in the last stage
In addition, it is closely linked with metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease and exacerbates them.
Nesmotrya that are developing new treatments for fatty liver disease,
to date, the special therapeutic means no
In this regard, the crucial change in lifestyle. Weight loss of 7-10% through diet can reverse Nash and fibrosis.
How to stop the disease?
Pais therefore recommends to increase physical activity. According to her, the sport need to do every day at least an hour. Non as for patients with NAFLD is quite an ordeal, any suitable physical load.
“Of course, we may ask people with this diagnosis, eat fish and run for three hours daily. However, they will throw this thing in a week
We can’t ask these patients too much, it is difficult to retain a commitment to an active and healthy lifestyle. Therefore, we propose to perform the level of physical activity that they can overpower. For example, to climb stairs, not the Elevator, walk instead of riding in the car, and so on“,
Moreover, the doctor gave recommendations for proper nutrition.
“It is recommended to eat seafood, should avoid consumption of red meatsand processed foods, semi-finished products, sausages and sugar that is added to a hidden form, for example in ketchup.
With regard to alcohol, and isto avoid its excessive consumption, because alcohol is a risk factor for the development of fibrosis. However
it is better to drink one glass of wine every day than a whole week to conduct a sober way of life, and on Friday to drink 7 glasses in a row
— believes Pais.
The disease can be diagnosed through liver biopsy. This study will determine the causes of the disease, the stage of inflammation and the level of liver damage.
And to avoid this diagnosis, need to undergo regular checkups and follow a healthy lifestyle.