On reducing NCDS in Kazakhstan annually, you can save 38,71 billion tenge. This was said at the event at the initiative OF “Aman-saulyk”. The round table brought together on 15 November to discuss the damage, which is applied to the BOTTOM of the country, and how to deal with it.
Almost all STO
The study, initiated by the PF “Aman-saulyk”, showed that infectious diseases are sent to the light a little more than one percent of citizens (1,05%).
Non-communicable diseases are the cause of 98.9% of the deaths in Kazakhstan
Alcohol, Smoking, diet, physical inactivity, drug abuse and reproductive health are the main sources of the BOTTOM.
Kazakh public figures told how much you would have saved the state budget for the treatment of people of Kazakhstan. The total economic effect from realization of the concept of harm reduction from sources of NCDS in the Republic of Kazakhstan in relation to the 4 main sources
up to 2030 will save 387,1 billion tenge
The BOTTOM in the period from 2019 to 2030 is 387,1 billion tenge, or 38,71 billion annually.
In us moved weight
Health experts described the consequences of threatening the life of the Kazakhs.
because of the power problems fixed 25 000 premature deaths
in Kazakhstan in 2018.
However, this world, and not only a domestic trend. Who is to blame? A diet high in saturated fats and energy-intensive products. This cooking set is a major cause of obesity, cancer and cardiovascular diseases.
The contribution of the factors of malnutrition in the mortality statistics is assessed in the study 20%
Experts suggest that proper nutrition can lead to 50% reduction of harm.
It is only necessary to implement measures to reduce consumption of salts and sugars, TRANS fats and foods with a high content of “synths”. This is a priority task of the state. And
the prospect of a positive economic effect for the period from 2019 to 2030 — 218,7 billion tenge
How to achieve this? First of all, the people of Kazakhstan should reduce intake of saturated fat, cholesterol and monitor weight. Eat more vegetables, fruits and grains, but to limit intake of sugar, salt and sodium.
Tobacco: there is an alternative
Estimated by experts and smokers. They are in the country 2 478 544.
20 900 people died prematurely from addiction in 2018,
including 16 533 4 men and 367 women.
The concept encourages survivors to switch to alternative products for the delivery of nicotine. There is no combustion of tobacco and far less harmful carcinogenic components.
– Innovative alternative systems of nicotine delivery are fundamentally different products. They are 95% less harmful than traditional cigarettes, – said Bakhyt Tumenova.
By taking this measure,
we by 2030 will be able to preserve the 85.7 billion tenge
A new culture
We all know that alcoholism is a serious social problem. Experts estimate that 74% of men, according in 2016, has died from cirrhosis of the liver. And 34% were from injuries due to alcohol use. For women, the figures were 45% and 31%, respectively.
Today, the consumption of pure alcohol per capita in Kazakhstan is 7.7 liters per year
The volume of sales of alcoholic beverages in 2018 increased by 4% compared with the 2017 year. Often buy cognac (+ 23%) and wine (+17%). The consumption of alcoholic beverages increased by 16%, vodka – by 7% and beer 2%.
Implementation of new alcohol campaign will 2019-2030 years to achieve the net economic effect in the amount of 25.9 billion tenge
Experts suggest to go with strong alcohol containing less ethanol. This will require the use of fiscal policy. For example, to differentiate excise rates on strong and weak alcoholic drinks.
The average age of the addict
It turned out that
in Kazakhstan he is the most active for 32 years
The lion’s share of compatriots using opioids — 11 453 people. Cannabinoids prefer 8 483, and concomitant drug use (politovsky) 4 618.
Drug addiction is spreading mainly in the younger generation (15 to 35 years). Concentration is the share of age group from 18 to 25 years.
We will help metodova therapy. This measure is recommended by the international medical community. Experts recognize it to be an instrument of harm reduction from the negative consequences of drug use. By 2030 metodova therapy can bring
56.8 billion tenge in the form of potential revenue in the budget
For addicts it is a tool for drug addicts return to society – explained Bakhyt Tumenova. And added that on the basis of publicly available data, the study results the hypothesis
harm reduction is 33.3% of the methadone
It should be noted that currently in 9 regions of Kazakhstan and Almaty there are 13 locations of such therapy.
Advantages of the concept
According to Aigul Solovieva, they lie in the behaviour, without affecting the established models of human behavior.
– The basic approach envisaged by the concept, is the impact on the lifestyle of the person. This offer less harmful alternatives and information to make more informed choices.
This approach is logically justified from the point of view of the adoption by the individual of the proposed solutions
to reduce the risks of NCDS. It does not affect the established patterns of behavior and does not gross interference in the lifestyle of the individual, – summed up the MP Solovyov.